August 15, 718: Victory at Constantinople

One thousand two hundred ninety years ago today, the forces of Islam met their first major defeat—one that saved Western civilization. Here is Edward Gibbon’s account. Strong defenses, unity with the Bulgarians, Greek fire, and a harsh winter saved the day. At length, after a siege of thirteen months, the hopeless Moslemah received from the caliph the welcome permission of retreat. The march of the … Continue reading August 15, 718: Victory at Constantinople

Remember Constantinople

Five hundred fifty five years ago today, Constantinople fell to the invading Muslim armies, which would eventually overrun most of Eastern Europe and, in 1529, 1566, and 1683, threaten Vienna and the rest of Europe. My own ancestors (on my father’s side) were already under Muslim domination, where they would remain for almost five hundred years. Black Tuesday, “the last day of the world,” was … Continue reading Remember Constantinople